These words are example of a transitional phrase — others include "furthermore," "moreover," but also "by contrast" and "on the other hand" — and are the hallmark of good writing. Transitional phrases are useful for showing the reader where one section ends and another begins.
It may be helpful to see them as the written equivalent of the kinds of spoken cues used in formal speeches that signal the end of one set of ideas and the beginning of another. In essence, they lead the reader from one section of the paragraph of another. Hopefully this example not only provides another example of an effective body paragraph but also illustrates how transitional phrases can be used to distinguish between them.
Although the conclusion paragraph comes at the end of your essay it should not be seen as an afterthought. As the final paragraph is represents your last chance to make your case and, as such, should follow an extremely rigid format.
One way to think of the conclusion is, paradoxically, as a second introduction because it does in fact contain many of the same features. While it does not need to be too long — four well-crafted sentence should be enough — it can make or break and essay. Effective conclusions open with a concluding transition "in conclusion," "in the end," etc. After that you should immediately provide a restatement of your thesis statement.
This should be the fourth or fifth time you have repeated your thesis so while you should use a variety of word choice in the body paragraphs it is a acceptable idea to use some but not all of the original language you used in the introduction. This echoing effect not only reinforces your argument but also ties it nicely to the second key element of the conclusion: a brief two or three words is enough review of the three main points from the body of the paper. Having done all of that, the final element — and final sentence in your essay — should be a "global statement" or "call to action" that gives the reader signals that the discussion has come to an end.
The conclusion paragraph can be a difficult paragraph to write effectively but, as it is your last chance to convince or otherwise impress the reader, it is worth investing some time in. Take this opportunity to restate your thesis with confidence; if you present your argument as "obvious" then the reader might just do the same.
Although you can reuse the same key words in the conclusion as you did in the introduction, try not to copy whole phrases word for word. Instead, try to use this last paragraph to really show your skills as a writer by being as artful in your rephrasing as possible.
Although it may seem like a waste of time — especially during exams where time is tight — it is almost always better to brainstorm a bit before beginning your essay. This should enable you to find the best supporting ideas — rather than simply the first ones that come to mind — and position them in your essay accordingly.
Your best supporting idea — the one that most strongly makes your case and, simultaneously, about which you have the most knowledge — should go first. Even the best-written essays can fail because of ineffectively placed arguments. Sentences and vocabulary of varying complexity are one of the hallmarks of effective writing. When you are writing, try to avoid using the same words and phrases over and over again.
If you are asked about "money," you could try "wealth" or "riches. In the end, though, remember that good writing does not happen by accident.
Although we have endeavored to explain everything that goes into effective essay writing in as clear and concise a way as possible, it is much easier in theory than it is in practice. Fairness and equity need to be pursued in reaching a global agreement on climate change, but transforming this into an actionable strategy is problematic. The paragraph below was written in response to the essay question: '"Leaders are made rather than born. Provide reasons for your opinion.
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The paragraph below was written in response to the essay question: '"Leaders are made rather than born. See the example paragraph below. This structure serves as a foundation for your paper. Test your understanding Find out more Case note assignment Understanding case notes and marker expectations Identifying the elements of a case note Finding materials Analysing materials Better writing Summary Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences Health Sciences case report Reflective writing and critical incidents Writing in Psychological Medicine 1. Example referencing style Despite substantial evidence for multiple glaciations in Britain and Scandinavia during the Quaternary, the interaction between these ice masses in eastern England and in the North Sea remains unclear. However, it is too easy to imagine possible counterarguments.
How can I study with integrity? Test your understanding Find out more Case note assignment Understanding case notes and marker expectations Identifying the elements of a case note Finding materials Analysing materials Better writing Summary Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences Health Sciences case report Reflective writing and critical incidents Writing in Psychological Medicine 1.
Case history 2. Mental state examination 3. Physical examination 4.
Summary and diagnosis 5. Formulation 6. When teachers mention organization in writing, they limit themselves to rudimentary concepts, mentioning the obvious—there should be a beginning, middle, and an end, for example. It involves understanding and using different methods of paragraph development.
Although understanding the components of an essay are important, one must go beyond the introduction , body, and conclusion. The skilled writer thinks in paragraphs. Here are two standard structures:. They consist of sentences. A tightly structured paragraph has three components: a topic, development, and a resolution.
Given the topic "environmental issues," these are some examples of how the methods can help limiting the topic, developing a thesis statement, and writing an . The definition of development as it relates to composition and supports the main idea in a paragraph or essay with patterns and methods of development. are often presented as the standard methods of development in expository writing.
They follow three simple steps: a major premise, a minor premise, and a conclusion. A persuasive paragraph contains more development than a tightly structured paragraph.